Case 29: Elizabeth Battersea

PAKIRI. AUCKLAND. By the mid-1800s, conversations were being had surrounding further expansion of women’s rights within marriage, and their access to education and employment. Due to the women’s rights movements, women had more opportunities in life. They received greater access to education. Also, for the first time, they could take on work outside of the home. Women became accepted in certain occupations in society, they were finding work as cooks, teachers, nurses and secretaries. 

The first major victory for the movement came in 1860 with the ‘Married Women’s Property Protection Act’, which allowed women to keep any money they earned if they were deserted by their husbands.

Women were given the right to divorce their husbands in 1867 under the Divorce and Matrimonial Causes Act. For men to obtain a divorce they had to prove their wife had committed adultery. However, for women to obtain a divorce they had to prove their husband had committed adultery plus an act of either: incest, bigamy, rape, sodomy, bestiality, desertion of at least two years or extreme, brutal cruelty.

By 1874, women’s rights had come a long way since the turn of the century, but there was still a long road ahead. The long road to equality had only just begun.

Visit www.truecrimenz.com for more information on this case including sources and credits.

Hosted by Jessica Rust

Written and edited by Sirius Rust

Music sourced from:

Day of Chaos by Kevin MacLeod
Link: https://incompetech.filmmusic.io/song/3620-day-of-chaos
License: https://filmmusic.io/standard-license

Senbazuru by Kevin MacLeod
Link: https://incompetech.filmmusic.io/song/4334-senbazuru
License: https://filmmusic.io/standard-license

When The Wind Blows by Kevin MacLeod
Link: https://incompetech.filmmusic.io/song/4622-when-the-wind-blows
License: https://filmmusic.io/standard-license

Distant Tension by Kevin MacLeod
Link: https://incompetech.filmmusic.io/song/3661-distant-tension
License: https://filmmusic.io/standard-license

Long Note Four by Kevin MacLeod
Link: https://incompetech.filmmusic.io/song/3991-long-note-four
License: https://filmmusic.io/standard-license

Clear Waters by Kevin MacLeod
Link: https://incompetech.filmmusic.io/song/3516-clear-waters
License: https://filmmusic.io/standard-license

Night on the Docks – Trumpet by Kevin MacLeod
Link: https://incompetech.filmmusic.io/song/4130-night-on-the-docks—trumpet
License: https://filmmusic.io/standard-license

Gypsy Shoegazer No Voices by Kevin MacLeod
Link: https://incompetech.filmmusic.io/song/3840-gypsy-shoegazer-no-voices
License: https://filmmusic.io/standard-license

I Seek to Reach the Fire in the Distance by Divider Line
Link: https://archive.org/details/divider-lines-music-for-films/
License: This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.

SOURCES

Articles
Real Estate Investar, Investment Property Pakiri, Auckland, https://www.realestateinvestar.co.nz/Invest/pakiri
Library of Congress, Women’s Suffrage in the Progressive Era, https://www.loc.gov/classroom-materials/united-states-history-primary-source-timeline/progressive-era-to-new-era-1900-1929/womens-suffrage-in-progressive-era/
Mahurangi, Jade River: A History of the Mahurangi, https://www.mahurangi.org.nz/2018/04/11/boatbuilding-begins-in-the-mahurangi/
Shayne Parkinson, Women and the Law, https://www.shayneparkinson.com/women-and-the-law/
UK Essays, Women’s Role In Society In The 1800s, https://www.ukessays.com/essays/history/womens-role-in-society-in-the-1800s-history-essay.php
Wikipedia, Pakiri, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakiri
Pakiri Holiday Park, Pakiri History, https://pakiriholidaypark.co.nz/pakiri-history/
Friends of Pakiri Beach, Our Story, https://friendsofpakiribeach.org.nz/our-story/
Find a Grave, Philip Charles Dyer, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/196039349/philip-charles-dyer/photo
Find a Grave, Eliza Battersea, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/209084850/eliza-battersea
Early History of Auckland, Murder at Pariki, Northland and Execution in Early Auckland, http://early-history-auckland.blogspot.com/2014/03/murder-at-pariki-northland-and.html?view=classic

Newspapers
Thames Advertiser, 8 October 1874, Page 3, Criminal Sessions, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/THA18741008.2.16
New Zealand Herald, 8 October 1874, Page 3, Supreme Court – Criminal Sittings, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/NZH18741008.2.19
New Zealand Herald, 9 October 1874, Page 3, Supreme Court – Criminal Sittings, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/NZH18741009.2.18
New Zealand Herald, 10 October 1874, Page 3, The Pakiri Murder: Sentence of Death, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/NZH18741010.2.19
New Zealand Herald, 12 October 1874, Page 3, Charles Dyer Sentenced to be Hanged, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/NZH18741012.2.23
New Zealand Herald, 2 November 1874, Page 2, Spectemur Agendo, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/NZH18741102.2.10
Thames Advertiser, 31 October 1874, Page 3, Confession and Execution of Dyer, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/THA18741031.2.10
New Zealand Herald, 25 November 1874, Page 2, Inquests, Accidents, And Offences, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/NZH18741125.2.6
Auckland Star, 29 October 1874, Page 3, The Late Murder at Pakiri, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/AS18741029.2.19
Auckland Star, 18 July 1874, Page 2, Suspected Murder at Pakiri, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/AS18740718.2.14
Auckland Star, 20 July 1874, Page 3, The Alleged Pakiri Murder, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/AS18740720.2.19
Auckland Star, 30 October 1874, Page 2, Confession of the Criminal, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/AS18741030.2.10.1
Auckland Star, 30 October 1874, Page 2, The Confession, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/AS18741030.2.10.2

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